You wouldn’t think of writing your manuscript without spell check, right? Well, we suggest that there is another tool that is equally essential to your work.
See, we have some bad news for you. Your manuscript can be the most meticulously edited, grammatically-glorious work ever written and it can still have “low readability,” meaning that your content is difficult to understand. Yikes. No one wants that.
There’s an app for that
But don’t panic! Like most things in life, there’s an app for that.
First, it’s important to realize that the average reading level is probably lower than you imagine. In fact, in the U.S., the average person reads on a 7th to 8th-grade level. While that might be discouraging, it is still a reality. And this reality means that readability matters if you want your audience to truly grasp your content.
Don’t make your audience feel stupid.
– Drew Westen, psychology professor, Emory University
How to find your readability score
We can hear you asking, but isn’t readability subjective? Thankfully, no. There are digital tools that will evaluate your writing and tell you what grade level you are writing on. The most commonly-used tool is the Flesch-Kincaid method, which focuses on the length of words, sentences, and paragraphs to determine the grade level of a piece of writing. You simply need to run your writing through one of the following tools to find out your readability “score.”
Microsoft Word users:
- Follow these steps to use Word’s embedded feature and obtain your score.
- Use an editing tool like Grammarly that checks your readability as you go.
Google Docs or other wordprocessing software:
- Use this no-frills online readability calculator.
- Use this TRAY Readability extension on your Chrome browser (like an app for your computer).
Now that you have your score, you can decide if changes need to be made.
In her book Everybody Writes, Ann Handley summarizes the results this way:
“A score of 90-100 means that your writing is easily understood by an average 11-year old.
A score of 60-70 means that your writing is easily understood by teens ages 13-15.
A score of 0-30 means that you writing is best understood by college graduates.
[Dr. Rudolph] Flesch recommended that the score of an average, nontechnical piece aimed at consumers be a minimum of 80 (or approximately 15 words per sentence and between 1 and 1.5 syllables per word).
Here are some examples of average scores for various types of content using the Flesh-Kincaid scale:
- Comics: 92
- Consumer ads: 82
- Reader’s Digest: 65
- Time magazine: 52
- Harvard Business Review: 43
- Standard insurance policy: 10
What to do next
What if your writing scores as unreadable? Do you have to start over? Scrap it all together? Absolutely not. Handley suggests these simple steps to improve your score:
- Break up long sentences.
- Cut out complex words.
- Consider how your more sophisticated concepts can be broken down into everyday language. Reading other authors on your topic can be very helpful here.
- Avoid using passive voice. For example, say: The wedding guests felt joy spread through the small chapel Don’t say: Joy was felt by the wedding guests in the small chapel.
Bad vs. Good
The following two paragraphs say the same thing. However, their readability scores are quite different. See if you can spot how the unreadable copy was improved.
Becoming proficient as a choreographer requires a diligent study of technique, musicality, and the history of choreography. Simply being the prima ballerina of your local company does not endow you with an innate affinity for composing movement, and those that make this assumption are doomed to present a production unworthy of the art itself.
This copy generated a Flesch-Kincaid score of 25.18, which is equivalent to the reading level of a postgraduate. Not good.
Great choreographers do much more than put moves to music. First, they become expert dancers themselves. Next, they study music. Then they learn about the great choreographers of the past. You are likely an expert dancer. But more is needed to be an expert choreographer. Don’t skip past the learning phase. Take time to study the craft so that you can produce the best piece possible.
In contrast, this copy generated a score of 70.28, meaning it is readable to most American readers. They both say the same thing, but the second example means that the reader understands the content. And isn’t that the point after all?
At Certa Publishing, we always try to provide our writers with the tools they need to create outstanding content. Whether you need help with readability, marketing or the entire publishing process, we would love to hear from you today.